Notes to Self

Alex Sokolsky's Notes on Computers and Programming

Terraform Cheat Sheet

From

Installation

See https://developer.hashicorp.com/terraform/downloads.

Then run terraform -install-autocomplete to enable shell autocompletion.

Initializing Terraform

Command Description
terraform init Prepare your working directory for other commands
terraform init -upgrade Upgrade modules/providers to the latest allowed versions
terraform get Download and install modules

Provisioning Infrastructure

Command Description
terraform plan Show changes required by the current configuration
terraform plan -out=<file> Write the plan to a file to apply it later
terraform plan -target <res1> -target <res2> Create a plan for the specific resource(s)
terraform plan -replace <resource> Force the plan to replace a specific resource
terraform plan -var '<key>=<value>' Set a value for one of the input variables
terraform plan -refresh-only Inspect resource drift without updating the state file
terraform apply Create or update infrastructure
terraform apply <file> Create or update infrastructure using a plan file
terraform apply -target <resource> Create or update a specific resource
terraform apply -replace <resource> Force the replacement of a specific resource
terraform apply -auto-approve Skip interactive approval of plan before applying
terraform destroy Destroy the infrastructure managed by Terraform
terraform destroy -target <resource> Destroy a specific resource

Inspecting Infrastructure

Command Description
terraform output Show all the output values
terraform output -json Show all output values in JSON format
terraform output <name> Show a specific output value
terraform output -raw <name> Show a specific output value without quotes
terraform show Show the current state in human-readable form
terraform show -no-color >file.txt Save into a file
terraform show <file> Show a human-readable state or plan file
terraform show -json <file> Show a state or plan file in JSON format

Managing state

Command Description
terraform state list List all the resources in the state file
terraform state show <resource> Show details about a resource
terraform state mv <source> <dest> Rename a resource in the state file
terraform state rm <resource> Remove a resource from the state file
terraform state replace-provider <from> <to> Replace provider for resources in the state
terraform import <resource> <remote_id> Import the existing infrastructure
terraform state pull Pull current state and output to stdout
terraform refresh (Deprecated) Update state to match reality

Formatting and validation

Command Description
terraform validate Check whether the configuration is valid
terraform fmt Reformat your configuration in the standard style
terraform fmt -check Check whether the configuration is formatted correctly, return non-zero exit code if not

Other commands

Command|Description ——-|———– terraform providers|Show the providers required for this configuration terraform force-unlock <lock-id>|Release a stuck lock terraform console|Try Terraform expressions at an interactive prompt terraform graph \| dot -Tpng > graph.png|Outputs a dot-formatted graph which can be viewed with graphviz terraform version|Show the current Terraform version terraform -help|Show help output for Terraform terraform -help <command>|Show help output for a specific Terraform command

Environment Variables

Details

Most relevant:

export TF_LOG=TRACE

Acceptable options: