Notes to Self

Alex Sokolsky's Notes on Computers and Programming

Configuring NUT with ProxMox

Sources

Install

root@fuji:~# apt install nut

Identify the UPS

Find the UPS vendorID (051d) and productID (0002):

root@fuji:~# lsusb
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 001 Device 002: ID 051d:0002 American Power Conversion Uninterruptible Power Supply
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub

Configure UPS

Configure the UPS via /etc/nut/ups.conf

maxretry = 3
pollinterval = 1

[theUPS]
driver = usbhid-ups
port = auto
desc = "the server UPS"
# these two are optional
vendorid = 051d
productid = 0002

Create /etc/udev/rules.d/90-nut-ups.rules to set proper device file permissions:

# Rule for the UPS - use lsusb for idVendor and idProduct
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="051d", ATTR{idProduct}=="0002", MODE="0660", GROUP="nut"

or even more elaborate to fight periodic disconnect:

SUBSYSTEM!="usb", GOTO="nut-usbups_rules_end"

# Rule for the UPS - use lsusb for idVendor and idProduct
ACTION=="add|change", SUBSYSTEM=="usb|usb_device", SUBSYSTEMS=="usb|usb_device", ATTR{idVendor}=="0764", ATTR{idProduct}=="0501", MODE="0664", GROUP="nut", RUN+="/sbin/upsdrvctl stop; /sbin/upsdrvctl start"

LABEL="nut-usbups_rules_end"

Restart the udev service with service udev restart.

Configure UPSD

Edit /etc/nut/upsd.conf

LISTEN 127.0.0.1 3493
LISTEN 192.168.10.20 3493
#LISTEN ::1 3493

Configure NUT

Set NUT into a stand-alone mode by editing /etc/nut/nut.conf

# IMPORTANT NOTE:
#  This file is intended to be sourced by shell scripts.
#  You MUST NOT use spaces around the equal sign!
MODE=standalone

Configure UPSD

Configure UPSD via /etc/nut/upsd.conf:

LISTEN 127.0.0.1 3493
LISTEN ::1 3493

Configure UPSMon

Configure UPSMon via /etc/nut/upsmon.conf:

MINSUPPLIES 1
SHUTDOWNCMD "/sbin/shutdown -h +0"
POLLFREQ 5
POLLFREQALERT 5
HOSTSYNC 15
DEADTIME 15
POWERDOWNFLAG /etc/killpower
RBWARNTIME 43200
NOCOMMWARNTIME 300
FINALDELAY 5
MONITOR theUPS@localhost 1 upsmonitor PASSWORD master
POWERDOWNFLAG /etc/killpower
SHUTDOWNCMD "/sbin/shutdown -h now"

Finally /etc/nut/upsd.users:

[upsmonitor]
password = PASSWORD
actions = SET
instcmds = ALL
upsmon master

Testing

Use upsc to display the UPS information:

root@fuji:/etc/nut# upsc theUPS
Init SSL without certificate database
battery.charge: 100
battery.charge.low: 10
battery.charge.warning: 50
battery.date: 2001/09/25
battery.mfr.date: 2017/05/31
battery.runtime: 3036
battery.runtime.low: 120
battery.type: PbAc
battery.voltage: 27.3
battery.voltage.nominal: 24.0
device.mfr: American Power Conversion
device.model: Back-UPS RS1000G
device.serial: 3B1722X05468
device.type: ups
driver.name: usbhid-ups
driver.parameter.pollfreq: 30
driver.parameter.pollinterval: 2
driver.parameter.port: auto
driver.parameter.synchronous: no
driver.version: 2.7.4
driver.version.data: APC HID 0.96
driver.version.internal: 0.41
input.sensitivity: medium
input.transfer.high: 147
input.transfer.low: 88
input.transfer.reason: input voltage out of range
input.voltage: 117.0
input.voltage.nominal: 120
ups.beeper.status: disabled
ups.delay.shutdown: 20
ups.firmware: 868.L4 -P.D
ups.firmware.aux: L4 -P
ups.load: 9
ups.mfr: American Power Conversion
ups.mfr.date: 2017/05/31
ups.model: Back-UPS RS1000G
ups.productid: 0002
ups.realpower.nominal: 600
ups.serial: 3B1722X05468
ups.status: OL
ups.test.result: No test initiated
ups.timer.reboot: 0
ups.timer.shutdown: -1
ups.vendorid: 051d

or just:

root@suprox:/etc/nut# upsc theUPS@localhost ups.status
Init SSL without certificate database
OL

OL here indicates that the system is running ‘on line’ power.

Use upscmd to issue commands to UPS:

root@fuji:/etc/nut# upscmd -l theUPS
Instant commands supported on UPS [theUPS]:

beeper.disable - Disable the UPS beeper
beeper.enable - Enable the UPS beeper
beeper.mute - Temporarily mute the UPS beeper
beeper.off - Obsolete (use beeper.disable or beeper.mute)
beeper.on - Obsolete (use beeper.enable)
load.off - Turn off the load immediately
load.off.delay - Turn off the load with a delay (seconds)
shutdown.reboot - Shut down the load briefly while rebooting the UPS
shutdown.stop - Stop a shutdown in progress
test.battery.start.deep - Start a deep battery test
test.battery.start.quick - Start a quick battery test
test.battery.stop - Stop the battery test
test.panel.start - Start testing the UPS panel
test.panel.stop - Stop a UPS panel test

Continue as described in the above links:

systemctl enable nut-server.service
systemctl enable nut-client.service
service nut-server start
service nut-client start

Check out status of nut-server, nut-client, ups-monitor:

root@fuji:/etc/nut# service ups-monitor status -l
 ups-monitor.service - LSB: Network UPS Tools monitor initscript
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/ups-monitor; generated)
   Active: active (exited) since Sat 2021-04-03 12:37:37 PDT; 40s ago
     Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
  Process: 7225 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/ups-monitor start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

Apr 03 12:37:37 fuji systemd[1]: Starting LSB: Network UPS Tools monitor initscript...
Apr 03 12:37:37 fuji ups-monitor[7225]: Starting NUT - power device monitor and shutdown controller: nut-client failed!
Apr 03 12:37:37 fuji systemd[1]: Started LSB: Network UPS Tools monitor initscript.
root@fuji:/etc/nut# service --status-all
 [ + ]  apparmor
 [ - ]  console-setup.sh
 [ + ]  cpufrequtils
 [ + ]  cron
 [ + ]  dbus
 [ - ]  hwclock.sh
 [ - ]  ipmievd
 [ + ]  iscsid
 [ - ]  keyboard-setup.sh
 [ + ]  kmod
 [ + ]  lm-sensors
 [ + ]  loadcpufreq
 [ - ]  lvm2
 [ + ]  networking
 [ - ]  nfs-common
 [ + ]  nut-client
 [ + ]  nut-server
 [ + ]  open-iscsi
 [ + ]  openipmi
 [ + ]  postfix
 [ + ]  procps
 [ + ]  rbdmap
 [ + ]  rpcbind
 [ + ]  rrdcached
 [ - ]  rsync
 [ + ]  rsyslog
 [ + ]  smartmontools
 [ + ]  ssh
 [ + ]  udev
 [ + ]  ups-monitor
 [ - ]  x11-common